1)Form and Shape
The form of a work is its shape, including its volume or perceived volume. A 3 dimentional artwork has depth as well as width and height. Three-dimensional form is the basis of sculpture. 2 dimentional artwork can achieve the illusion of form with the use of perspective and shading or modelling techniques.
Lines and curves are marks that span a distance between two points (or the path of a moving point). As an element of visual art, line is the use of various marks, outlines, and implied lines in artwork and design. A line has a width, direction, and length. A line’s width is sometimes called its “thickness”. Lines are sometimes called “strokes”, especially when referring to lines in digital artwork.
Space is an area that an artist provides for a particular purpose. Space includes the background, foreground and middle ground, and refers to the distances or area around, between, and within things. There are two kinds of space negative space and positive space. Negative space is the area in between, around, through or within an object. Positive spaces are the areas that are occupied by an object and form.
Color is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object. There are three properties to color. The first is hue, which simply means the name we give to a color red, yellow, blue, green. The second property is intensity, which refers to the vividness of the color. A color’s intensity is sometimes referred to as its colourfulness, its saturation, its purity or its “strength”.The third and final property of color is its value, meaning how light or dark it is.The terms shade and tint refer to value changes in colors. In painting, shades are created by adding black to a color, while tints are created by adding white to a color.
Texture is used to describe how something feels or looks. Her hair was smooth. Smooth is a texture, same as bumpy, hard, light, clear, rough and many, many, many more.